Genetic Engineering

Genetic engineering is a set of technologies used to change the genetic makeup of cells, including thetransfer of genes within and across species boundaries to produce improved or novel organisms. The techniques involve sophisticated manipulations of genetic material and other biologically important chemicals. Genes are the chemical blueprints that determine...

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Marine Life

There are a number of protected wetlands (under Ramsar Convention) in Pakistan. These include Tanda dam and Thanedar Wala in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Chashma barrage, Taunsa barrage and Uchhali complex in Punjab, Haleji lake, Hub dam and Kinjhar lake in Sindh, Miani Hor in Balochistan. The wetlands are an habitat for...

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Pharmacy

Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing and dispensing drugs. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of pharmacy practice includes more traditional roles such as compounding and dispensing medications,...

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Responsible Chemistry

Chemical technologies and products are used in almost every area of the world economy. The chemical industry has a significant challenge to deliver absolute reductions in its own production of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions but is unique, however, in its ability to enable other industries and society at large to...

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